Scientists bolster evidence of new physics in Muon g-2 experiment

Argonne’s Ran Hong (left) and Simon Corrodi (right) installing the calibration probe at the 4 Tesla Solenoid Facility. Credit: Mark Lopez/Argonne National Laboratory

Scientists are testing our fundamental understanding of the universe, and there’s much more to discover.

What do touch screens, radiation therapy and shrink wrap have in common? They were all made possible by particle physics research. Discoveries of how the universe works at the smallest scale often lead to huge advances in technology we use every day.

Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, along with collaborators from

Read More

Europe’s oldest known humans mated with Neandertals surprisingly often

When some of the earliest human migrants to Europe encountered Neandertals already living there around 45,000 years ago, hookups flourished.

Analyses of DNA found in human fossils from around that time — the oldest known human remains in Europe — suggest that interbreeding between Homo sapiens and Neandertals, who were on the fast track to extinction, occurred more commonly than has often been assumed, two new studies suggest. Both reports appear April 7 in Nature Ecology & Evolution.

Genetic evidence in the new reports indicates for the first time that distinct human populations reached Europe shortly after 50,000 years

Read More

‘Ghost forests’ are invading the North Carolina coast

Climate change has transformed enormous swaths of protected woodlands in North Carolina into lifeless “ghost forests,” a new study finds.

These ghost forests — marked by thousands of leafless, limbless trunks, stumps and toppled trees where healthy forests once stood — have taken over about 11% of the tree cover in North Carolina’s Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge in the past three decades, the researchers found, resulting in tens of thousands of acres of dead greenery.

Die-offs like these are an expected effect of sea-level rise, which exposes more land to salty seawater, which literally sucks the moisture out of

Read More

Biden offers American science a fresh chance to prove its value to society

America’s scientific community faces a historic opportunity to prove its value to society, thanks to the unprecedented role that President BidenJoe BidenManchin throws cold water on using budget reconciliation Moderate GOP senators and Biden clash at start of infrastructure debate Omar slams Biden admin for continuing ‘the construction of Trump’s xenophobic and racist wall’ MORE has assigned to science in his administration.

Just days after taking office, Biden became the first president to name a scientific adviser to his cabinet, Eric Lander, the director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy. The move stands in stark contrast

Read More

People add by default even when subtraction makes more sense

Picture a bridge made of Legos. One side has three support pieces, the other two. How would you stabilize the bridge?

Most people would add a piece so that there are three supports on each side, a new study suggests. But why not remove a piece so that each side has two supports instead? It turns out that getting people to subtract — whether a Lego block, ingredients in a recipe or words in an essay — requires reminders and rewards, researchers report April 7 in Nature.

This default to addition isn’t limited to assembling blocks, cooking and

Read More

‘Parachute Science’ Doesn’t Work in a Pandemic

In the rain forests of Borneo, Sahril Ramadani wakes before sunrise to the high-pitched shrieks of gibbons. Fumbling in the dark, he packs up his essentials for the day: hand sanitizer, iPad, GPS tracker, watch, materials for sample collection, and lunch. Securing an N95 mask over his face, he sets out on a solitary search for orangutans.

Ramadani, 23, spends 20 days a month here at Cabang Panti, the research station for the Gunung Palung Orangutan Project in the southwestern part of Indonesian Borneo. The project’s fieldwork—the daily observations that have kept it going for 27 years—depends on his work

Read More